Floriculture: Fast Growing Sector of Pakistan

Floriculture: Fast Growing Sector of Pakistan

Pakistan is an agricultural country, where the agriculture sector directly adds 21.4% to its GDP, provides 40% employment and 60% export. Horticulture as a sub-sector participates 11% in the agriculture sector. Agriculture in Pakistan mainly revolves around the major crops like wheat, rice, cotton, citrus, mango etc. Horticulture occupies 6% of arable land of Pakistan, while floriculture occupies only 0.5%. Floriculture is a fast growing sector of Pakistan, which will be the best option of enhancing income under restricted conditions. As Pakistan is blessed by favorable agro climatic conditions, cheap labour and easily available variety of soils, it has the potential to develop a strong floriculture sector. The floriculture industry is famous around big cities like Karachi, Hyderabad, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Quetta where flowers consumption is high.

Some pictures of Packing, transporting and marketing in Pattoki market Pakistan.    

For floriculture trade in Pakistan, Pattoki near Lahore serves as the centre market from which about one million pieces of cut flowers are exported daily to different cities in the country. The cities consuming the most are Karachi, Peshawar, Lahore, and Islamabad and there demand is increasing with time. In Pattoki market flowers are packed in wooden or paper cartons and transported to different markets by railway and road without cold storage. Each wooden or paper carton contains 50 pieces of cut flowers.

Some pictures of Packing, transporting and marketing in Pattoki market Pakistan.

The Pakistani flower industry is not at a higher standard because of the unavailability of suitable facilities for harvest and post-harvest treatments, low productivity and high cost of production, poor cold chain storage facilities, lack of proper disease and pest control, lack of knowledge about the market, non availability of skilled labour during harvesting, and the non availability of a well developed internal market. The issues related to the market are lack of a proper cold chain, lack of cooperation between private and government sectors and inadequate transport facilities. Now the government and private sector are trying to control these issues for enhancing the floriculture industry in Pakistan.

Source: http://www.floraldaily.com/article/1559/Floriculture-fast-growing-sector-of-Pakistan

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